Components of Wireless Communication Technology
July 28, 2023

Technology has revolutionized how we interact with one another and carry out various day to day activities. One notable sphere of such change has been in the area of wireless communication technology. Generally, in communication, information is transmitted from one point, known as the transmitter, to another called receiver, over a given distance. Wireless communication is, therefore, the transmission of information from one point to another without using any physical devices such as wires or cables.


Wireless communication technology is one of the fastest-growing areas in technology that has changed how we interact with each other over a limited span of time. These days, you can easily connect with friends all over the globe just by pressing some buttons.

Common Examples of Wireless Electronics

One of the most wireless electronics used in today’s world is mobile phones. These devices help us send data, images, videos, etc. Below are examples of wireless electronic devices:

  1. Radio
  2. Satellite
  3. Bluetooth
  4. Cordless phones
  5. WLAN
  6. Radar
  7. GPS

Benefits of Wireless Communication Technology

Wireless communication has changed the way we send and receive information. The advantages of wireless communication technology include:

  • Cost: The cost of wireless communication is cheaper relative to wired communications. This is because the cost of installing physical, electronic communication components such as wires, cables, and other infrastructure, is more expensive and time-consuming compared to wireless communication technology.
  • Convenience: Another benefit of wireless communication technology is that it offers comfort to users by reducing the amount of effort a user needs to execute a task. It has helped businesses adapt to emergency situations, courtesy of wireless technology, as most employees now work remotely.
  • Mobility: Another merit of wireless communication technology is that users can move around while connected to a network without any risks of disconnection.

Components of Wireless Communications Technology

A wireless communication system comprises three components: The transmitter, the channel, and the receiver.


A transmitter is an electronic device used to generate radio waves, which helps to transmit data with the help of an antenna. For this to be done, a transmitter takes energy from a power source and converts it to a radio frequency alternating current, which changes directions according to the band the transmitter needs to send in. A transmitter typically comprises a power supply, electronic oscillator, antenna, RF amplifier, and modulator.


A channel is a pathway or medium through which a signal is transmitted from one point to another. A channel is often a subject of noise, interferences, distortion, etc. And as such, the results received by the end receivers may be filled with errors.


The receiver is the last component within a wireless communication chain. The duty of the receiver is to collect information or signal from the channel and then reproduce it as the source signal. The reception path in a wireless communication system comprises demodulation, decoding, decryption, and demultiplexing.

Wireless electronic devices have changed the way people interact in our society.