VAR and Other Sport Technologies for Sport Lovers
July 13, 2023

Technology has found its way into every area of our daily lives, and the field of sports has not been left out. From education to gaming to sports, the impacts of modern technology have been immense in revolutionizing the various ways we carry out activities. Before introducing technology in sports, such as the video assistant referee (VAR), there were different errors in the course of play due to the inadequacy of sports officials to oversee games without such errors.


However, the introduction of these technologies has led to improvements in sport, resulting in fair and just decisions, all of which have improved the quality of sports.

Types of Modern-Day Sport Technologies

There are different kinds of technologies used in today’s sports, and they include the following:

1. Video Assistant Referee (VAR)

Introduced in 2018, VAR is a sports technology majorly used in the game of soccer, involving three persons working together to review the referee’s decisions. They do this by watching various video footage of significant events in the video operation room with different monitors displaying cameras from multiple angles.

VAR is used to review four different kinds of decisions:

  • Goal/No Goal: This occurs in offsides, handball, the ball entering the goal post, etc.
  • Penalty/No Penalty: According to FIFA guidelines, VAR can also be used to determine whether an incident within the 18-yard box is a penalty or not.
  • Red Cards: The technology is also used to determine if an incident is a red card offense and where it has been decided to review such a decision.
  • Mistaken Identity: Var can also be used to review cases where the referee awarded the wrong person a yellow or red card.

2. Goal-Line Technology (GLT)

Goal-line technology is used in determining if a ball has crossed the goal line and hence a goal or not. This usually happens when there is confusion about the level of incursion required before a ball in a goal post is declared a goal and a score awarded. The technology was introduced in 2012 by the International Football Association Board and has been used ever since by various football leagues.

3. Timing Systems

Sports technology companies offer timing systems to athletes to keep track of their speed and motion. Since their introduction, timing systems have replaced the stopwatch as the timer for races, meaning that differences in reactions do not affect the precision of racing sports. This has generally enhanced racing sports by rendering consistency and accuracy to sports while eliminating errors.

4. Sensors

Another type of wearable sports technology is sensors. Sensors are worn by sports personnel and are used to track their health, biometrics, fitness data while identifying dangers and predicting possible risky patterns. The different kinds of sensors used in sports include; heart rate monitors, GPS, inertial sensors, pressure sensors, etc.

5. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Chips

RFID chips are used to monitor and time participants in sports events. They consist of in-built antennas relaying signals to various tracking stations. RFID chips are majorly used in racing competitions to allow viewers and officials to identify the exact location of participants in the course of the race.

Technology has changed the face of sports as we know it. Today, many professional leagues are adopting various technologies to boost the quality of officiating while also assisting the athletes in staying optimal.